The Motion Picture Association (MPA) has been a key player in the fight against piracy for decades and this position has grown stronger in recent years.
As the driving force behind the Alliance for Creativity and Entertainment, the MPA is at the center of an international enforcement apparatus.
Just a few days ago we reported how ACE was instrumental in shutting down pirate streaming services in Latin America. At about the same time, he was involved in more than a dozen arrests in Singapore, where more than 2,500 pirated streaming boxes were seized in Lim Square.
MPA and ACE can already claim a long list of anti-piracy successes, but some of the most egregious threats are quite persistent. This follows from the latest overview of “notorious markets” that was just sent to the US Trade Representative (USTR).
The MPA report typically provides a detailed overview of the piracy landscape. This year, the USTR also asked rights holders to explain how piracy affects American workers. According to the film industry group, the effect is significant.
“In 2020, there were an estimated 137.2 billion visits to movie and TV piracy sites worldwide, costing the US economy at least $29.2 billion in lost income each year. Specifically, piracy has been estimated to reduce employment in our industry by between 230,000 and 560,000 jobs,” MPA writes, citing external research.
The responsibility of the Internet
The MPA notes that piracy is a global problem that requires the cooperation of the broader Internet ecosystem. Services that see themselves as neutral intermediaries, operating parts of the Internet’s core infrastructure, must take responsibility.
“All stakeholders in the internet ecosystem, including hosting providers, DNS providers, cloud services, ad networks, payment processors, social networks, and search engines, should actively seek to reduce support for notoriously infringing sites,” MPA writes.
The industry group sees Cloudflare as part of this group and mentions the US company by name in its presentation.
“Cloudflare’s customers include some of the world’s most notorious and long-standing pirate websites, including the massively popular streaming site Cuevana3.me and The Pirate Bay,” notes MPA, adding that repeated notices of infringement prompted no action. by Cloudflare.
The list of notorious markets is limited to operations outside the US, so Cloudflare itself is not one of the MPA’s targets. There are several other Internet services, including various third-party intermediaries.
Registrations, Hosting, Ads and Payments
The MPA’s list of notorious markets mentions domain name registries, including the Russian .RU registry, and companies that maintain .CH, .CC, .IO, .ME and .TO domain name registries. These continue to keep the pirate sites on board, despite numerous complaints.
The same goes for the payment provider VoguePay, which is reportedly quite popular among IPTV services. In addition, advertisers such as 1XBET and Propeller Ads are also called. The latter company refuted MPA’s accusations last year but that didn’t stop it from rising to prominence again.
Hosting companies are also cited as intermediaries that could and should do more. Instead, some find themselves turning to pirate services with products like “bulletproof” hosting. Squitter.eu and Amaratu are two such examples, MPA reports.
Piracy as a service
In addition to third-party brokers, there is also a category of services that cater directly to pirates. These “hacking as a service” (PaaS) companies offer tools that allow people to start a pirate site with minimal effort.
“PaaS encompasses a set of often out-of-the-box services that make it easy for would-be hackers without any technical knowledge to create, operate, and monetize a fully functioning hacking operation,” MPA writes.
The MPA first defined PaaS as a separate category in its report last year. In his most recent roundup, he again mentions a variety of services such as Collaps.org, which offers a pirated movie CMS, and XFileSharing, which offers cyberlocker software.
“These services are evidence of the scale, sophistication and profitability of modern online commercial copyright infringement. The emergence and development of PaaS services has become a key concern of MPA and a top priority for its anti-piracy efforts.”
Classic pirate sites and IPTV
Real pirate sites are also mentioned, including the usual suspects The Pirate Bay, RARBG, and YTS. In addition to torrent sites, the MPA also includes direct download centers, streaming portals, and link sites, including Uptobox.com, Fmovies.to, and Egy.best.
Several dedicated hacking apps also get a mention, and the MPA further includes a long list of rogue IPTV services. The anti-piracy group says it has identified over a thousand pirate IPTV platforms, so the list provided to the USTR is certainly not exhaustive.
In fact, the MPA says that all companies, sites and services are part of a larger piracy problem. Those noted in the MPA report are just examples of some of the worst offenders, nothing more.
Similarly, we have also noticed some “notorious markets” being delisted over time. That doesn’t mean they’re no longer considered a problem for Hollywood, of course.
All in all, it is clear that despite ACE’s successes, MPA still has a lot of work to do. With her USTR filing, she’s hoping for a helping hand from the US government, potentially in the form of some diplomatic nudges.
A list of all the sites and services that are highlighted and categorized in MPA’s Notorious Markets Presentation (pdf) can be found below. For additional context, we highlight new entries, while noting those from the 2021 report that have been removed.
Links and transmission of websites
– Cuevana3.me (new)
– Cuevana.pro (new)
– Dytt8.net, Dy2018.com, Dygod.net and Ygdy8.com
– Fullhdizlesene (new)
– Hesgoal.com (new)
– Katmovie HD (new)
– Myflixer.to (new)
– NooNoo.tv (new)
– Rezka.ag (new)
– Soap2Day (new)
– Streaming Community (new)
– Tamilblasters / Streamblasters / TamilMV (new)
– TheNetNaija (new)
– High Definition
– Buenos Aires
Direct Download Cyberlockers and Streaming Video Hosting Services
– Baidu Pan and Baidu Search
– DoodStream.com (new)
Illegal IPTV Services
– Apollo Group TV (new)
– BIPTV.best and BestBuyIPTV.store
– IcutCord.net (new)
– Iptv.home (new)
– Magis TV
– SatCon Africa
– Spider catcher
Hacking Devices and Apps
– LokLok (new)
– SVI Cloud
– Unblock tech (unblocktech.com)
– Popcorn time
– PopcornTime.one (Kids)
Peer-to-peer networks and BitTorrent portals
– Gimmepeers.com (formerly Bitsoup.org)
– Squitter.eu (ABC Consulting)
– .CH Registry
– .IO Registry (new)
– .CC Registry (new)
– .ME registration (new)
– .RU Registry
– .TO registration
– .IS Registry
– .TV registration
Ad networks and online advertisers
– Helix Ads
– Ads Keeper
– PopAds and PopCash
– Revenue Hits
Piracy as a Service (PaaS)
– Smart WHMCS